Severe Combined Immunodeficiencies

Principal Investigator: Michele Caggana, ScD

Institution: New York State, Department of Health-Wadsworth Center

Project Start Date: August 2010

Project End Date: June 2011

Project Uses: R4S, VRDBS, LDPR


“National SCID Pilot Study”

The “National SCID Pilot Study,” funded as an extension of the “Novel Technologies” contract awarded to New York, had the goal of providing comprehensive newborn screening for severe combined immunodeficiency for as many newborns as possible. California, Louisiana (Wisconsin Newborn Screening Program), Puerto Rico (New England Newborn Screening Program), and New York participated, based on population demographics and/or size.  Deliverables of this contract included establishment of the T-cell receptor excision circle assay into routine, high-volume newborn screening protocols, creation of laboratory and clinical follow-up algorithms, mechanisms for reporting, and protocols for treatment. The collaborative established a portal in the Region 4 Stork Collaborative website for deposition of SCID cases.  Lastly, the group created a guidance table that collates assay variables, equipment, and other pertinent information for other Programs. The Newborn Screening Translational Research Network provided assistance with meetings, phone calls, and organization of all interested parties. In total 654,053 babies were screened, and 307 were referred. A total of 12 babies were confirmed with SCID (1/54,504), 3 babies were confirmed with a SCID variant, and 38 babies were confirmed with an immunodeficiency related to another condition. No babies were diagnosed with SCID who were not detected via screening.  The National SCID Pilot Study assessed screening technologies for SCID and established confirmatory tests and definitions for presumed positive cases. A new module of the laboratory performance tool was developed to support the analytical and clinical validation of SCID screening.  The NBSTRN SCID screening laboratory performance tool was designed to capture data related to the analytical and clinical validation of the TREC assay for a pilot of SCID newborn screening, and it has proven useful as SCID joins the panel of screened conditions in many states. This is a useful model for future investigations of new technologies and conditions.

Statement of Work for the National SCID Pilot Study

April 2014 SCID ImplementationStatus -  Map of the USA

List of Appendices:

    1. New York Standard Operating Procedure for TREC Analysis

    2. New York SCID Validation

    3. LA/WI Validation and Standard Operating Procedure for Receipt for Specimens and Transmission of Results

    4. PR/MA Validation and Standard Operating Procedure for Receipt for Specimens and Transmission of Results

    5. Assay Elements Spreadsheet

    6. NY Laboratory Algorithm

    7. CA Laboratory Algorithm

    8. NY Clinical Algorithm

    9. CA Clinical Algorithm and Special Instructions for Repeat Testing

    10. LA Information for Providers

    11. CA Educational Materials for Families and Providers:

    12. NY Educational Materials for Families and Providers

Novel Technologies in NBS Report